A grammar of the Hittite language: Reference grammar by Harry A. Hoffner

By Harry A. Hoffner

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Additional resources for A grammar of the Hittite language: Reference grammar

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It was not therefore a Hittite innovation, unless it spread from Ḫattuša to Syria and Egypt. 36. Hittite scribes utilized ligatures of the  (* wa, we, wi, wu) sign with the vowel signs a, e, i, and u subscripted to render sounds in the Hurrian and Hattic languages that were nonexistent in their own language (probably labial fricatives such as [f] or [v]). These graphic innovations are conventionally transcribed with subscripted vowels thus: = waa, / wee, , wii, : wuu, or . wuú (see HZL ##318–26).

29. ,  ‘ox’) is repeated when followed by suffixes beginning with a vowel: -da (read gu4-da for /guda/) ‘of the ox’, although this is not to be understood as gemination. 27. For some of the above /Ce/ sequences, a second sign with value restricted to  + e is equally or even more common: ḫé (º ) is more common than ḫe ( / ) for /he/; ne (/ ) is more common than né () for /ne/. On the other hand, mi and me are different signs, as are ši and še, and ti and te. 28. 63, p. 29): œ ‚ ˆ .

60 (p. 63). 44. ) are equally common in all periods, the suffixed plural marker  is rare after Old Hittite, and when it does occur, it is redundantly combined with another plural marker (.  with other objects. Prefixed determinatives (as class markers) are less frequently used in OH than in MH and NH. 45. It is important to distinguish between the supposed ancient pronunciation (to the extent that we can reconstruct it) and the conventional pronunciation employed by 33. So in the CHD. Many Hittitologists prefer an upper case D: DTeššub.

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