A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (Handbook of Oriental by Daniel Sivan

By Daniel Sivan

Ugaritic, chanced on in 1929, is a North-West Semitic language, documented on clay pills (about 1250 texts) and dated from the interval among the 14th and the twelfth centuries B.C.E. The records are of assorted varieties: literary, administrative, lexicological. various Ugaritic pills comprise parts of a poetic cycle bearing on the Ugaritic pantheon. one other half, the executive files make clear the association of Ugarit, hence contributing vastly to our knowing of the heritage and tradition of the biblical and North-West Semitic global. this significant reference paintings, a revised and translated variation of the author's Hebrew book (Beer Sheva, 1993), offers with the phonology, morphology and syntax of Ugaritic. The publication comprises additionally an appendix with textual content choices.

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Extra info for A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik)

Sample text

195 A,6) and the noun ma-~'-ba-~dul"town, quay" (Ug 5 137 II,2 1'; contra Huehnergard [1987:279 n. e. ma'badu > mab/zadu). g. 2 I,28; cf. Tsumura 199l:428 with discussion and bibliography; Smith 1994:267, n. 16 I,20), beside the orthography without aleph in line 17 (cf. Tsumura 1991:432 with other views and interpretations). 1 19,l) along with the Phoenician month name njvn m7without prosthetic aleph ( M I 37B,2; 43,8; 112,4; cf. Xella 1981:27-28; for the possibility that this component is identical to the 'z" in the personal name 5 9 'Yezebel" ~ [2 Kgs 16:31] in the Bible and 5 n ~ 5 u l in Phoenician cf.

188,12,13. In this grammar, we shall separate words and particles by spaces. Occasionally the Ugaritian scribes separated lines by using horizontal lines; cf. 12 etc. The lines of a text do not necessarily correspond to sentence components or to the lines of a poem. Words may even be divided at the end of a line and continue on the next line (cf. most recently Segert 1987:283-288). 203,ll-12). Ugaritic writing does not indicate gemination of consonants. The doubled consonant is written with one sign only (there is no basis for the suggestion of Good [I98 1:119-1211, that consonants l,m,n,r may be written twice when geminated).

Ug 7, p. 67). It is possible that in these two instances there was a shift of g > t known from Aramaic. These spellings point to the fact that in spoken late Ugaritic the transition from g to t was already completed (see Loewenstamm 1980:370). e. the spelling with g-sign could be an archaism (cf. Blau l968b:524 and l97Ob:43; Freilich and Pardee 1984:25-36). g. 4 V, 19,34). These variants may indicate a different dialect from the normative speech of Ugarit or they might be the result of foreign influence (perhaps Hurrian; cf.

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