A history of classical scholarship / Vol. 2, From the by John Edwin Sandys

By John Edwin Sandys

Sir John Edwin Sandys (1844-1922) used to be a number one Cambridge classicist and a Fellow of St. John's collage. His most renowned paintings is that this three-volume historical past of Classical Scholarship, released among 1903 and 1908, which is still the single large-scale paintings at the topic to span the full interval from the 6th century BCE to the top of the 19th century. The heritage of classical reports was once a well-liked subject in the course of the 19th century, quite in Germany, yet Sandys stands proud for the formidable scope of his paintings, even if a lot of it was once in response to previous scholarship. His chronological account is subdivided through style and area, with a few chapters dedicated to really influential participants. quantity 2 covers the interval from the Renaissance to the eighteenth century.

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A history of classical scholarship / Vol. 2, From the revival of learning to the end of the eighteenth century (in Italy, France, England, and the Netherlands)

Sir John Edwin Sandys (1844-1922) used to be a number one Cambridge classicist and a Fellow of St. John's university. His most renowned paintings is that this three-volume background of Classical Scholarship, released among 1903 and 1908, which is still the one large-scale paintings at the topic to span the full interval from the 6th century BCE to the top of the 19th century.

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He sent missionaries to convert the Anglo-Saxons, who by then controlled the eastern third of Britain. The western, Celtic portions had been Christian since the days of Saint Patrick. Gregory eased the transition by directing that pagan shrines be respected and reconsecrated rather than destroyed, and that pagan customs and traditions—carried over from their German and Danish forebears—be absorbed into Christian feast days rather than abolished. By 700, Christianity was widespread on both sides of the English Channel.

Imagine how much a single invention, the mechanical clock, altered the perception of time for those fortunate—or perhaps unfortunate—enough to own one. Hitherto, the transition points of the day—of varying length depending on the season—were marked only by church bells. Now, constant units of time measured day and night and held people in their iron grip. Glass windows appeared in houses, and eyeglasses (adopted from the Arabs) brought the world into focus for those who had grown nearsighted mending and sewing through long winter nights in dimly lit rooms.

Warming weather led to a longer growing season, and the population increased. Water mills and, later, windmills were used to grind grain, and sawmills improved the quantity and quality of lumber for building. Towns and cities were reborn, creating new markets for farmers. Artisans, bankers, and merchants formed guilds and promoted foreign trade. Venetian sailors connected with Muslim ports around the Mediterranean. Flemish wool merchants from Ghent and Ypres found their wool cloth in high demand.

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