A Review of Health Sector Aid Financing to Somalia (World by Emanuele Capobianco, Veni Naidu

By Emanuele Capobianco, Veni Naidu

This research stories reduction flows to the health and wellbeing area in Somalia over the interval 2000-2006. In shut collaboration with the well-being quarter Committee of the Coordination of overseas help to Somalis the authors accumulated quantitative and qualitative facts from twenty-six foreign organisations working in Somalia, together with bilateral and multilateral donors. The paper reaches 3 major conclusions. First, relief financing to the healthiness area in Somalia has been always becoming, achieving US$ 7-10 in line with capita in 2006. even though it is a massive quantity in comparison to different fragile states, it may well nonetheless be inadequate to deal with the inhabitants s wishes and to fulfill the excessive operational expenses to paintings in Somalia. Secondly, contributions to the wellbeing and fitness quarter may possibly and may be extra strategic. the point of interest on a few vertical courses (e.g. HIV/AIDS and malaria) turns out to have diverted awareness clear of different very important courses (e.g. immunization and reproductive healthiness) and from easy healthiness process wishes (infrastructure, human assets, etc.). The 3rd end is that extra analytical paintings on future health financing is required to force coverage judgements in Somalia. equally to different fragile states, caliber info on wellbeing and fitness quarter financing is scanty, therefore affecting the coverage making strategy negatively.

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Extra resources for A Review of Health Sector Aid Financing to Somalia (World Bank Working Papers) (World Bank Working Papers; Africa Human Development)

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0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Reproductive health Source: Authors’ calculations. 2005 2006 A Review of Health Sector Aid Financing to Somalia 31 US$ Millions Figure 21. Health Expenditure: Nutrition Financing versus Malnutrition Indicators (2000–06) 8 40 7 35 6 30 5 25 4 20 3 15 2 10 1 5 0 0 2000 2001 2002 Nutrition funding 2003 2004 Underweight 2005 2006 Stunting Source: Authors’ calculations. surveys across the country. MICS data suggest that the nutrition situation in Somalia worsened between 1999 and 2006 (see Table 10).

The analysis of Somali remittances to the health sector is not part of this study. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. These include the DAC donors. These include EC, ECHO, Development Banks, and the UN. These include the GFATM, ICRC, and IFRC. These include, for example, Arab Countries. These include private donations that are made to charities, local or international NGOs. 21 22 World Bank Working Paper Figure 10. Financial Aid Flows in the Somalia Health Sector Non DAC Donors/ Private Donations Bilateral, Multilateral, Other Donors Diaspora Remittances UN Somalia Other UN Agencies MOH Red Cross/Crescent Movement International NGOs Local NGOs/ Institutions Beneficiaries Note: Non-DAC donors are donors from countries not represented in the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC).

20 World Bank Working Paper Usefulness of the Data Despite the limitations and methodological challenges experienced, the study offers some useful insights, as illustrated in the findings and in the concluding chapter. The study is the first exercise of this kind conducted in Somalia. It utilized a resource tool that can be adopted by partners for future data collection on aid tracking for Somalia. The study provides important baseline data, raises levels of awareness and generates questions about past and future aid financing to the health sector.

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