By Terje Mathiassen
A descriptive grammar of Latvian
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Malay. Candidate 1:a is ruled out because it is too large and incurs unnecessary violations of ALL--a·· LEFT. While candidate l:b is monosyllabic, more segments have been de-leted than is necessary. The remaining candidates contain eve reduplicant syllables: this is the optimal syllable size for reduplicants. 6 The fact that there are, at present, 4· TETU refers to the OT phenomenon known as "The Emergence of The Unmarked;" see McCarthy and Prince 1994. 5· This is not strictly true. -ed as some version of REALIZEMORPHEME (Kurisu 2001).
Ewan, W. 1979. Laryngeal BehaYior in Speech. Report of the Phonology Laboratory, Berkeley 3. Ewan, W. & Krones, R. 1974. Measuring larynx movement using the thyroumbrometer. Journal ofPhonetics2: 327-335. Fagan, J. L. 1988. Javanese InterYocalic Stop Phonemes. Studies in Austronesian Linguistics 76: 173-202. Ferlus, M. 1979. Formation des registres et mutations consonantiques dans les langues MonKhmer. Mon Khmer Studies Vl II: 1-76. Gregerson. K. 1973. Tongue-root and Register in Mon-Khmer. In Austroasiatlc Studies, P.
6 The fact that there are, at present, 4· TETU refers to the OT phenomenon known as "The Emergence of The Unmarked;" see McCarthy and Prince 1994. 5· This is not strictly true. -ed as some version of REALIZEMORPHEME (Kurisu 2001). -cr-LEFI: but REALIZEMORPHEME would militate against thls result by requiring that a reduplicant be realized overtly. 6. s. -gt~lap may emerge. That this prediction is not borne out may be attr'1buted to violations ofLlNEARI'IY BR, an issue that I leave aside. Discontiguous reduplication in a local variety of Malay 49 'Iableau l.