An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, by Rolf H. Bremmer Jr.

By Rolf H. Bremmer Jr.

This can be the 1st textual content e-book to supply a complete method of outdated Frisian. half One starts off with a succinct survey of the background of the Frisians in the course of the center a while, their society and literary tradition. subsequent stick with chapters at the phonology, morphology, note formation and syntax of outdated Frisian. This half is concluded by means of a bankruptcy at the outdated Frisian dialects and one on difficulties in regards to the periodization of Frisian and the shut dating among (Old) Frisian and (Old) English. half contains a reader with a consultant choice of twenty-one texts with explanatory notes and a whole word list. A bibliography and a choose index whole the booklet. Written through an skilled instructor and researcher within the box, An creation to previous Frisian is a vital source for college kids and researchers of Frisian, previous English and different ‘Old’ Germanic languages and cultures, and for medievalists operating during this zone. The moment unrevised 2011 reprint of the unique variation comprises numerous corrections.

Show description

Read or Download An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary PDF

Best foreign languages books

Speak Swedish with Confidence: Teach Yourself

Your all-audio survival software for conversational talent in useful talents, from greetings to go back and forth round, reserving a lodge room to buying and consuming out communicate Swedish with self belief comprises ten themes (with conversations each one) with particular ambitions. every one subject introduces 15 key terms (plus a few cognates), 3 structures/useful words, and one major grammar element.

Aspects of Language Contact: New Theoretical, Methodological and Empirical Findings with Special Focus on Romancisation Processes

This edited quantity brings jointly fourteen unique contributions to the on-going debate approximately what's attainable in contact-induced language switch. The authors current a few new vistas on language touch which symbolize new advancements within the field.

In the 1st a part of the amount, the focal point is on method and idea. Thomas Stolz defines the research of Romancisation procedures as a truly promising laboratory for language-contact orientated learn and theoretical paintings established thereon. The reader is educated in regards to the huge scale tasks on loanword typology within the contribution via Martin Haspelmath and on contact-induced grammatical swap carried out by way of Jeanette Sakel and Yaron Matras. Christel Stolz studies strategies of gender-assignment to mortgage nouns in German and German-based forms. The typology of mortgage verbs is the subject of the contribution by means of Søren Wichmann and Jan Wohlgemuth. within the articles by means of Wolfgang Wildgen and Klaus Zimmermann, noticeably new methods to the speculation of language touch are recommend: a dynamic version and a constructivism-based conception, respectively.
The moment a part of the quantity is devoted to extra empirically orientated stories which inspect language-contact constellations with a Romance donor language and a non-European recipient language. Spanish-Amerindian (Guaraní, Otomí, Quichua) contacts are investigated within the comparative research by way of Dik Bakker, Jorge Gómez-Rendón and Ewald Hekking. Peter Bakker and Robert A. Papen talk about the impression exerted via French at the indigenous languages ofCanada. the level of the Portuguese effect at the Amazonian language Kulina is studied via Stefan Dienst. John Holm seems on the validity of the speculation that sure morphology ordinarily falls sufferer to Creolization tactics and attracts his proof often from Portuguese-based Creoles. For Austronesia, borrowings and calques from French nonetheless are an understudied phenomenon. Claire Moyse-Faurie’s contribution to this subject is hence a pioneer’s paintings. equally, Françoise Rose and Odile Renault-Lescure offer us with clean info on language touch in French Guiana. the ultimate article of this assortment by way of Mauro Tosco demonstrates that the Italianization of languages of the previous Italian colonies in East Africa is just weak.

This quantity presents the reader with new insights on all degrees of language-contact similar experiences. the quantity addresses specifically a readership that has a robust curiosity in language touch commonly and its repercussions at the phonology, grammar and lexicon of the recipient languages. specialists of Romance language touch, and experts of Amerindian languages, Afro-Asiatic languages, Austronesian languages and Pidgins and Creoles will locate the quantity hugely important.

Romance Linguistics 2006: Selected Papers from the 36th Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages (LSRL), New Brunswick, March-April 2006

This quantity provides chosen papers from the thirty sixth LSRL convention held at Rutgers college in 2006. It includes twenty-two articles of present techniques to the learn of Romance linguistics. recognized researchers current their findings in components equivalent to of syntax and semantics, phonology, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics.

Japanese as It Is Spoken: A Beginner’s Grammar

This scarce antiquarian publication is a facsimile reprint of the unique. because of its age, it could possibly comprise imperfections equivalent to marks, notations, marginalia and mistaken pages. simply because we think this paintings is culturally very important, we've got made it to be had as a part of our dedication for shielding, holding, and selling the world's literature in reasonable, top of the range, glossy versions which are actual to the unique paintings.

Additional resources for An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary

Sample text

O a. , dochter ‘daughter’, holt ‘wood’. 12. A liquid is r or l, see §77. Chapter II. esp. , mon ‘man’, komp ‘field; duel’, long ‘long’ (§29). c. , sochte ‘sought’. pl), opa ‘up’ as opposed to non-R kuma, dura, upa. esp. , wulf/wolf ‘wolf ’. , hwet > hot ‘what’, hweder > hoder ‘whether’, twelef > tolef ‘twelve’. u a. WGmc u is generally preserved, esp. , iung ‘young’. b. , thuchte ‘seemed’. , flucht ‘he flees’, beside fliucht(h). , the second vowel in helpe ‘he may help’, the second and third in Drochtenes ‘of the Lord’, etc.

Phonology c. , biāda (< *beudan-), liāf (< *leuba-), thiāf (<*þeuba-), liācht ‘light, not dark’ (< *leuhta-). When followed by an i-mutation factor (§45), the result was iū (iō): liūde/liōde (< Gmc *leudi-), diūre/diōre (< Gmc *deurja-). §38 Chronology Monophthongization of *ai and *au follows fronting of ā, because the monophthongization product ā does not undergo fronting. OFris ā < *au was also later than rounding of WGmc ā before nasal, because they do not fall together. Monophthongization precedes i-mutation.

G blecken), dῑtsa ‘to build dikes’ (< WGmc *dῑkjan), rētsa ‘to reach’ (< *raikjan), lῑtsa ‘to equalize, level’ (< *lῑkjan), *thretsa, thritsa ‘to press’ (< *þrukjan; cf. OE þryċċan), upwretsa ‘to tear up’ (<*-wrakjan). (7) I-mutation §45 Process If followed by i or j in the following syllable, back vowels were fronted and front vowels were raised. The mutation factor (i/j) subsequently disappeared or is retained as unstressed e. • *5 (the result of a-fronting, §39) > e • unfronted a > 5 (both long and short) • furthermore, o > 5, u > y (both long and short) Sometime by the end of the Proto-Frisian period, the mutation products of u, o and a were unrounded, which resulted in all the mutated vowels ending up as e (both long and short).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.09 of 5 – based on 9 votes