By Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler, Professor Emeritus of Semitic Languages and of Ethiopian Studies Edward Ullendorff
An advent to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages
Read or Download An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages: Phonology and Morphology (Porta Linguarum Orientalium) PDF
Similar foreign languages books
Your all-audio survival software for conversational skillability in useful abilities, from greetings to shuttle round, reserving a inn room to buying and consuming out converse Swedish with self assurance includes ten subject matters (with conversations every one) with particular goals. each one subject introduces 15 keyword phrases (plus a few cognates), 3 structures/useful words, and one major grammar element.
This edited quantity brings jointly fourteen unique contributions to the on-going debate approximately what's attainable in contact-induced language switch. The authors current a few new vistas on language touch which symbolize new advancements within the field.
In the 1st a part of the quantity, the focal point is on technique and idea. Thomas Stolz defines the learn of Romancisation techniques as a really promising laboratory for language-contact orientated learn and theoretical paintings dependent thereon. The reader is knowledgeable concerning the huge scale tasks on loanword typology within the contribution through Martin Haspelmath and on contact-induced grammatical switch carried out through Jeanette Sakel and Yaron Matras. Christel Stolz studies methods of gender-assignment to personal loan nouns in German and German-based types. The typology of personal loan verbs is the subject of the contribution via Søren Wichmann and Jan Wohlgemuth. within the articles through Wolfgang Wildgen and Klaus Zimmermann, significantly new techniques to the speculation of language touch are recommend: a dynamic version and a constructivism-based thought, respectively.
The moment a part of the amount is devoted to extra empirically orientated reviews which look at language-contact constellations with a Romance donor language and a non-European recipient language. Spanish-Amerindian (Guaraní, Otomí, Quichua) contacts are investigated within the comparative examine by means of Dik Bakker, Jorge Gómez-Rendón and Ewald Hekking. Peter Bakker and Robert A. Papen talk about the impression exerted through French at the indigenous languages ofCanada. the level of the Portuguese effect at the Amazonian language Kulina is studied through Stefan Dienst. John Holm appears on the validity of the speculation that sure morphology ordinarily falls sufferer to Creolization tactics and attracts his facts ordinarily from Portuguese-based Creoles. For Austronesia, borrowings and calques from French nonetheless are an understudied phenomenon. Claire Moyse-Faurie’s contribution to this subject is therefore a pioneer’s paintings. equally, Françoise Rose and Odile Renault-Lescure supply us with clean facts on language touch in French Guiana. the ultimate article of this assortment via Mauro Tosco demonstrates that the Italianization of languages of the previous Italian colonies in East Africa is barely weak.
This quantity presents the reader with new insights on all degrees of language-contact comparable stories. the quantity addresses in particular a readership that has a powerful curiosity in language touch in most cases and its repercussions at the phonology, grammar and lexicon of the recipient languages. specialists of Romance language touch, and experts of Amerindian languages, Afro-Asiatic languages, Austronesian languages and Pidgins and Creoles will locate the quantity hugely precious.
This quantity offers chosen papers from the thirty sixth LSRL convention held at Rutgers college in 2006. It includes twenty-two articles of present methods to the examine of Romance linguistics. famous researchers current their findings in components akin to of syntax and semantics, phonology, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics.
This scarce antiquarian ebook is a facsimile reprint of the unique. because of its age, it could include imperfections resembling marks, notations, marginalia and incorrect pages. simply because we think this paintings is culturally vital, we've got made it on hand as a part of our dedication for safeguarding, holding, and selling the world's literature in reasonable, top of the range, smooth versions which are precise to the unique paintings.
Extra resources for An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages: Phonology and Morphology (Porta Linguarum Orientalium)
I"abit "was destroyed" alongside innabit "he fled"-despite identical phonetic origin. In later phases of the language the possibility of the normative influence of grammarians on morphological as well as phonological development cannot be discounted. B. The Noun 1. 1. In the Semitic dictionary the system of roots is combined with that of themes or patterns. These are morphological types which are frequently associated with specific meanings or uses. For example: Ar. 'abyarf, "white", 'aly,mar "red", 'azraq "blue" are Morphology The Noun formed from the roots byg" ly,mr, zrq, respectively, and the pattern 'aqbar (cf.
2. 3. e. when affixes are added. From a semantic point of view (partly also owing to the insufficiently developed state of these studies) we are only occasionally able to assign specific values and uses to individual patterns. In the following, some of the principal nominal themes will be presented together with their main spheres of employment-where these can be reasonably well established. For these purposes the paradigm used for the identification of patterns will be qbr ("to bury"): this is, of course, merely an arbitrary choice and may therefore serve even when the resultant forms are not in fact attested.
77 a. 5. a) Monosyllables with short vowel: qabr, qibr, qubr. g. Ar. 'abd, Akk. abdu, but Heb. 'ebed (the "segolate" nouns: cf. 17). 6. b) Disyllables with short vowels: qabar, qabir, qabur, qibar, qibir, qubar, qubur. These themes may be variants of the preceding ones occasioned by the influence of stress or by anaptyxis or by the extension of pausal forms: an example of the elision of a vowel under the impact of stress is Akk. *rapasu > rapsu "wide", fem. rapastu (in Akkadian the first three patterns are generally employed as adjectives).