An introduction to tourism by Leonard J Lickorish

By Leonard J Lickorish

An advent to Tourism is the fundamental consultant to the tourism undefined. It offers a complete and authoritative creation to all elements of tourism including:
the historical past of tourism; elements influencing the tourism undefined; tourism in constructing international locations; sustainable tourism; forecasting destiny trends.


Tourism has replaced considerably lately with the onset of many technological and fiscal adjustments and an ever expanding hindrance for the surroundings. This ebook offers a down-to-earth creation to this complicated and multi-faceted industry.

This helpful creation is written for all scholars of tourism and all these taken with the who need to know extra in regards to the constitution, part actions and surroundings in which they work.




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Domestic’, in the tourism context, retains its original marketing connotation, that is, it refers to residents travelling within their own country. In the national accounts context it refers to the activities and expenditures of both residents and non-residents travelling within the reference country, that is, both domestic tourism and inbound tourism. g. ‘unit of observation, enumeration, classification, analysis’). The overall concept of ‘traveller’ refers to ‘any person on a trip between two or more countries or between two or more localities within his/her country of usual residence An international traveller is defined as ‘any person on a trip outside his or her country of residence (irrespective of the purpose of travel and means of transport used, and even though he or she may be travelling on foot)’.

All the factors for growth which were to create mass movements after 1945 were present, but to a minor extent. The inter-war years were almost a rehearsal for tourism take-off after the Second World War. Tour operators, now grouped in an aptly termed British Creative Travel Agents Conference, offered remarkable value for money, with transatlantic package tours from Scotland to Canada for example available for £50. A week’s holiday in Ostend, a popular resort for British visitors at the time, cost £5 all in.

Furthermore, the old systems of statistical measurement based on state controls were disintegrating in the developed countries as liberalization of travel and border crossings led to the removal of checks and records. In a sense the weak inherited the earth, as the old systems could not cope with massive traffic flows. With the full support of governmental and industry organizations the WTO carried out an effective study of new needs and new methods, principally revision of definitions covering the whole field of travel, domestic as well as international and ‘day trips’ which have become a major source of trade.

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