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Your all-audio survival application for conversational skillability in useful talents, from greetings to trip round, reserving a lodge room to procuring and consuming out converse Swedish with self assurance includes ten issues (with conversations each one) with particular goals. each one subject introduces 15 keyword phrases (plus a few cognates), 3 structures/useful words, and one major grammar aspect.
This edited quantity brings jointly fourteen unique contributions to the on-going debate approximately what's attainable in contact-induced language swap. The authors current a few new vistas on language touch which signify new advancements within the field.
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Extra resources for Armenian for Everyone: Western And Eastern Armenian in Parallel Lessons
5). 23 (1270-1320) Chapter 1. 2). Chapter 3 then uncovers properties of the nominative DP in the passive. e. raising from an oblique position) or genitive passives. Given the analysis presented in this book, the nominative DP must be merged as the highest argument in the moved VP: I show in this chapter that this is exactly the case. 2). Chapter 4 focuses on the external argument of the predicate embedded under -rare and discusses the distributional and interpretational differences among the three types of by-phrases – the dative ni-phrase, the ni-yotte phrase, and the kara (from) phrase.
B. c. d. Bill was killed by Mary. (agent) The package was sent by John. (source) The letter was received by Bill. (goal) That professor is feared by all students. (experiencer) These examples suggest that the object of the by-phrase is in fact the external argument selected by the little v. To account for the pattern illustrated in examples like (16), Jaeggli (1986) has proposed a well-known mechanism called ‘θ-role transmission,’ wherein the external θ-role is absorbed by the passive participle -en first and then transmitted to the by-phrase (see also Fox & Grodzinsky 1998; among others).
C. Mizu-ga (minna-ni) nomi-tagar-are-tei-ru. water-nom everyone-dat drink-want-pass-asp-prs Lit. ’ (* to me) Kono kuruma-ga wakamono-ni nori-tagar-are-tei-ru. this car-nom youths-dat drive-want-pass-asp-prs Lit. to me) Sono hon-wa minna-ni yomi-tagar-are-tei-ru. that book-top everyone-dat read-want-pass-asp-prs. Lit. to me) I only allow the verb -tagar with non-sentient subjects: (i-a) is absolutely unacceptable, and (i-b) and (i-c) are better than (i-a) but still much degraded than passives with sentient subjects like (17a) and (17b).