Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey (2nd Edition) by John M. Wallace, Peter V. Hobbs

By John M. Wallace, Peter V. Hobbs

Wallace and Hobbs' unique variation of Atmospheric technological know-how helped outline the sphere approximately 30 years in the past, and has served because the cornerstone for many collage curriculums. Now scholars and execs alike can use this up to date vintage to appreciate atmospheric phenomena within the context of the newest discoveries and applied sciences, and get ready themselves for extra complicated examine and real-life challenge fixing.

Atmospheric technological know-how, moment variation, has been thoroughly made over when it comes to content material and visual appeal. It includes new chapters on atmospheric chemistry, the Earth system,climate, and the atmospheric boundary layer, in addition to more desirable remedy of atmospheric dynamics, climate forecasting, radiative move, critical storms, and human affects, resembling worldwide warming. The authors illustrate suggestions with colourful state of the art imagery and canopy an unlimited volume of recent details within the box. they've got additionally built a number of on-line fabrics for teachers who undertake the text.

With its thorough insurance of the basics, transparent causes, and large updates, Wallace & Hobbs' Atmospheric technological know-how, moment version, is the basic first step in teaching today's atmospheric scientists.

Full-color satellite tv for pc imagery and cloud photos illustrate rules all through
Extensive numerical and qualitative workouts emphasize the appliance of easy actual ideas to difficulties within the atmospheric sciences
Biographical footnotes summarize the lives and paintings of scientists pointed out within the textual content, and supply scholars with a feeling of the lengthy historical past of meteorology
Companion web site encourages extra complicated exploration of textual content issues: supplementary info, photos, and bonus exercises.

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Extra resources for Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey (2nd Edition)

Example text

18). Winddriven upwelling along the coasts of Chile, California, and continents that occupy analogous positions with respect to the subtropical anticyclones, although not well resolved in Fig. 4). The atmospheric circulation feels the influence of the underlying sea surface temperature pattern, particularly in the tropics. For example, from a comparison of Figs. 11 it is evident that the intertropical convergence zones in the Atlantic and Pacific sectors are located over bands of relatively warm sea surface temperature and that the dry zones lie over the equatorial cold tongues on the eastern sides of these ocean basins.

The distribution of annual-mean precipitation over the western United States, shown in Fig. 26, illustrates the profound influence of orography. Poleward of ϳ35°, which corresponds to the equatorward limit of the extratropical westerly flow regime that prevails during the wintertime, annualmean precipitation tends to be enhanced where moisture-laden marine air is lifted as it moves onshore and across successive ranges of mountains. The regions of suppressed precipitation on the lee side of these ranges are referred to as rain shadows.

The cryosphere contributes to the thermal inertia of the climate system; it contributes to the reflectivity or albedo of the Earth; by taking up and releasing fresh water in the polar regions, it influences oceanic thermohaline circulation; and it stores enough water to significantly the influence global sea level. 1 and all of them, with the exception of alpine glaciers, are represented in Fig. 12. The continental ice sheets, dominated by Antarctica and Greenland, are the most massive elements of the cryosphere.

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