By Edward Arian
The altering position of a good orchestra within the overall musical lifetime of the group is the subject of Dr. Arian's outstanding and, certainly, particular examine of the executive difficulties of the Philadelphia Orchestra. As either musician and expert in organizational habit, Dr. Arian describes the advance of the orchestra by way of Leopold Stokowski into an incomparable musical tool, the monetary difficulties it confronted, the transitority answer of those difficulties through a means of bureaucratic compromise, and the disappointment of some of the orchestra's greater musical probabilities via the very compromises designed initially to make sure its sability.
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Additional resources for Bach, Beethoven and Bureaucracy
At this point the question arises as to whether, even under our system, it has been necessary for the Philadelphia Orchestra to bureaucratize to the extent which it has. In other words, are there reasons, beyond mere survival, why the organization has clung so long and tenaciously to the same policies and procedures? The answer to this question lies in the nature of the leadership, its motivations, and its value structure. The next chapter will proceed to examine these factors. -50- Chapter III The Leadership THE SOCIAL CHARACTER OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS From political theory we learn that, among the values for which men compete, a high priority is given to prestige, recognition, and status.
Harvey 1938-39 to 1941-42 R.
The resultant cost of this policy has been an exacerbation of the bitterness of those who do not benefit and a worsening of labor relations. Charges of favoritism and politicking against the management, and especially the Musical Director, are rampant. Moreover, in the opinion of some, the policy backfires. It is impossible to substantiate, but some Orchestra members feel that the arbitrary awarding of privileges encourages increased militancy on the theory that the wheel which squeaks the loudest gets the grease.