By Thomas Lenarz, Peter Wriggers (eds.)
During the final years computational tools result in new techniques that may be utilized inside of clinical perform. in line with the large advances in clinical imaging and high-performance computing, digital trying out is ready to assist in clinical determination techniques or implant designs. present demanding situations in medication and engineering are concerning the appliance of computational the way to medical drugs and the research of organic platforms at diverse scales.
Additionally brands can be in a position to use computational instruments and strategies to foretell the functionality in their scientific units in digital sufferers. The actual and animal checking out approaches may be diminished by means of digital prototyping of clinical units. the following simulations can improve the functionality of trade machine designs for a variety of digital sufferers. it will bring about a refinement of designs and to more secure products.
This booklet summarizes varied points of ways to reinforce functionality, creation, initialization and problems of alternative forms of implants and comparable topics.
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This effect has a direct impact on the characteristic pressure range in which inelastic damage processes start to evolve as a result of high strain energy and stress levels. This effect is studied in more detail in the subsequent section. 2 Inelastic Response Next, we study the degradation of the fibre-reinforced perturbed tube. As we are dealing with a force-driven boundary value problem, we use an arc-length method in order to trace the equilibrium path in case of snap-back-related instabilities.
18) and (19) together with their units. It is important to note that the fibre orientations may be defined arbitrarily, but the present formulation uses only one non-local damage variable so that both fibre families undergo identical degradation. This is physically meaningful as long as both families of fibers possess one and the same stretch history, otherwise a second non-local damage variable should be included in the formulation. Table 1 Constitutive parameters as used in Sects. 3 Type Symbol Description Structural a0 i κ Elastic Regularisation Damage μe κe k1 k2 cd βd ηd κd Fibre orientation vectors Dispersion parameter Shear modulus Bulk modulus Elastic constant Elastic constant Degree of regularisation Penalty parameter Saturation parameter Damage threshold Unit – – kPa kPa kPa – kPa−1 mm2 kPa−1 kPa−1 kPa 26 T.
De C. de © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015 T. Lenarz and P. 1007/978-3-319-10981-7_4 55 56 S. Betancur Escobar et al. remodelling process is calculated with a conventional prosthesis via finite element method (FEM) coupled with multi-body simulation (MBS). A migration of the cup in the proximal direction can be suggested. Based on these results an innovative and economic concept for the design and production of patient-individual hip cups for primary surgery by means of sheet metal forming is developed.