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Extra info for Bucolic Ecology: Virgil's Eclogues and the Environmental Literary Tradition
After all, the equivocal role these cups come to play in this eclogue is, as we have seen, largely prefigured in their initial description. 30 In that work, Varro, citing Aelius, claims that caelum (‘heaven’) was so-called because it was caelatum (‘raised above the surface’) and we have already observed how Menalcas himself draws our attention to this analogy. Varro then goes on to say that caelare, ‘to rise’, might also be defined through contrast with its opposite celare, ‘to hide’. 18). We shall come to see the relevance of this remark again when we look at a fragment of song from Eclogue 9 in the next chapter, but it would appear that Menalcas is playing upon the dichotomy between caelare and celare here too when he describes his own caelatum opus as condita (‘hidden’).
Cosmology adhuc 35) as good as Varius or Cinna; the recitations of these songs are, of course, incomplete; and, by the time the eclogue is already drawing to a close, the two herdsmen are only at the midway point of their journey (media est nobis uia 59), where the tomb of Bianor ‘is beginning to appear’ (incipit apparere 60). To this extent, then, while the journey Moeris and Lycidas discuss and enact in the course of Eclogue 9 does indeed record examples of absence and loss, its configuration as a journey is precisely what makes it, quite literally, a work in progress.
46) – lies within the song itself and yet the symbols Daphnis is there said to be looking at not only extend beyond the actual boundaries of that song, but also encompass lines spoken by both herdsmen alike. In this way, the fragment comes to be a part of, rather than apart from, its immediate environment. Indeed, like the cups of Eclogue 3, this evidently cosmological composition would seem to aspire to a greater representative status within the book of Eclogues as a whole. 42). 73), while the very image of the figure of Daphnis looking at the stars recalls his ascent to the cosmos in Eclogue 5.