Cakavian Prosody: The Accentual Patterns of the Cakavian by Keith Langston

By Keith Langston

Čakavian dialect is a dialect of the Croatian language. The identify of the dialect stems from the interrogatory pronoun for "what", that is "ča" (or "ca") in Čakavian. Čakavian is these days spoken ordinarily at northeastern Adriatic: in Istria, Kvarner Gulf, in so much Adriatic islands, and within the inside valley Gacka, extra sporadically within the Dalmatian littoral and primary Croatia.

Today, it's spoken completely inside Croatia's borders, in addition to by way of the Croats in Northern Burgenland (in Austria and in Hungary) can be in general Čakavian, with few small islets of Čakavian dialect audio system in Hungary (most jap Čakavians are there).

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Extra resources for Cakavian Prosody: The Accentual Patterns of the Cakavian Dialects of Croatian

Example text

N :::: number of tokens. Accentual pattern Fundamental frequency Fo peak Intensity Intensity N S�llable Dur. Be�. Peak End at Be�. 45 65. 87 75. 16 68. 77 67. 6. Graphical Data on Acoustic Characteristics of Suprasegmental Features Figures 1-18 (pp. 60-64) show average Fo contours, normalized to a con­ stant length, which are based on frequency readings taken at 20 ms intervals for all forms with a long falling or acute accent in the various dialects. These graphs were generated using the Mathematica software package.

Percep­ tion experiments would be necessary to confirm this hypothesis, but we may tentatively identify pitch as the primary marker of stress in short syllables, with increased duration as a secondary cue. 3. Pitch Table 5 (p. 47) compares average values for duration, fundamental fre­ quency, and intensity for the long falling and acute acceuts in all seven di­ alects that were studied. These data represent words of various accentual types spoken in sentence-final position or in isolation (as a one-word re­ sponse to a question).

For the remaining dialects all exam­ ples that were analyzed have an accent on the initial or medial syllable. In the dialects of Hreljin, lardasi, and ViSkovo there are no distinctions in sentence-final position in the Fo contours for final syllables that are expected to carry an acute vs. those with a falling accent, and in Grizane and Crikve­ nica differences are not consistently observed in this environment in the data analyzed here. We see from these graphs that in all dialects the frequency contour for the falling accent has a steeper slope than for the rising.

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