Carta a Meneceu by Epicurus

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This passage is mainly based on Jun (2005: 2). 36 Sentential Form and Prosodic Structure of Catalan of the original ToBI transcription system for English are presented. Silverman, Beckman, Pitrelli, Ostendorf, Wightman, Prica, Pierrehumbert & Hirschberg (1992) replaced the by and large abstract tonal grammar of Beckman & Pierrehumbert (1986) with a practically oriented transcription system ToBI. e. prosodic separation) between any two adjacent words (Jun 2005: 2). ToBI annotates prosodic boundary strength (degree of juncture) at each word edge by using a five-point scale from '0' for the boundary between a word and a cliticized form up to '4' for signaling a boundary between intonational phrases (Ladd 1996: 96, Gussenhoven 2004: 132).

Dehe 2009 for a recent study on this matter). Much attention has also been paid to syntactic (root) clauses as an important factor that plays a role in the formation of IntPs (cf. Downing 1970, N&V 1986/2007, Truckenbrodt 2005; cf. also Selkirk's 2005 'Comma Phrase'). 15 On the other hand, there are also phonetic indices such as the so-called continuation rise (cf. below) and semantic conditions (c£ Selkirk's 2005: 43 12. Hayes & Lahiri (1991), for example, suggest that the intermediate phrase is equivalent to N&V's ( 1986/2007) phonological phrase (cf.

There-ranking still accounts for her results (cf. Prieto 2005: 216) and it enables one to maintain the same constraint order for complex SVO structures. Second, a new constraint is assumed: ALIGN -CP ,L. This constraint aligns the left edge of a CP with the left edge of a prosodic phrase and thus accounts for the pattern that the embedded clause is in general prosodically separated from the matrix clause. This constraint is based on Gussenhoven (2004: 167), who introduces the OT constraint ALIGN(S,t), which aligns the right edge of every sentence with the right edge of an Intonational Phrase.

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