By Tun-Jen Cheng
The fourth iteration of leaders of the People's Republic of China, whereas making the most of the status of China's access into the realm alternate association and the distinction of website hosting the 2008 Olympic video games, should also think of the sobering side-effects of a fast and internationally-interdependent economic climate and a stricken and in simple terms partially reformed political procedure. this crucial booklet ways the examine of the PRC below Hu Jintao in a two-fold demeanour: by way of studying the recent political parameters during which the party-state features and by way of interpreting the well-known concerns — at domestic and in another country — which are commanding the eye of China’s new leaders. The e-book tackles a finished diversity of subject matters, together with elites, associations and state–society kin, politics and the political implications of financial switch, household politics and international kinfolk.
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Extra resources for China Under Hu Jintao: Opportunities, Dangers, and Dilemmas (Series on Contemporary China)
Indeed, perhaps the most surprising aspect of the CCP’s effort to remake itself as a “ruling” party rather than as a “revolutionary” party is its refusal to withdraw from various areas of social life. It seems plausible that, if the CCP really desired to act as a “ruling” party and to govern the country through law and a legal-rational bureaucracy, it would begin to withdraw from certain areas of Chinese life, or at least not push into those areas that have emerged in recent years outside of party control.
Thus, Hu Jintao has employed ideological agenda-setting, a rectification campaign, and the promotion of protégés to enhance his power. Such efforts, however, erode the very institutionalization that succession seems to promote and that the political system very much needs. The Sixteenth Party Congress appears to be the product of such tensions. The articulation of demands to create strong administrative institutions and the succession of the designated successor, Hu Jintao, suggest a strengthening of institutional norms, while the extraordinary lengths Jiang Zemin went to preserve his influence suggests the continued power of informal, personalistic norms.
Indeed, there is at least as much attention being paid to party building these days as in years past. The political report to the Sixteenth Party Congress, not unexpectedly, placed a great deal of emphasis on the “Three Represents” in its section on party building, and certainly the emphasis on ideology in party building is not new. The “Three Represents” suggests that the nature of the party may change (as liberals hope and conservatives fear) as private entrepreneurs are recruited into the party (though the number of entrepreneurs who have joined the party is actually quite small).