Chinese Literature, Ancient and Classical by William H. Nienhauser

By William H. Nienhauser

André Lévy offers a "picture of chinese language literature of the past" that brilliantly illustrates the 4 nice literary genres of China: the classics, prose, poetry, and the literature of leisure. His dialogue of roughly one hundred twenty brilliant translations combines own insights with cutting edge old debts in a genre-based strategy that strikes past the common chronology of dynasties. popular pupil William H. Nienhauser, Jr., translated Lévy's paintings from the French and lower back to the unique chinese language for the texts. This informative, enticing, and eminently readable advent to the 3 millennia of conventional chinese language literature is extremely advised for college kids and normal readers.

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They also mark the three hundred poems in this collection, and are sometimes still perceptible when the poems are recited in modern Chinese pronunciation. Recourse to metaphorical evocation, xing jt, or the comparisons drawn from nature, bi 2, and the description, fu kt, in some of the prestigious poems, introduce some processes recognized as fundamental in the Chinese prosodic tradition. But the Classic of Poetry, which bookish scholars in subsequent centuries sometimes regarded as primarily a means of enriching their vocabulary of flora and fauna, played a completely different role in 26 Chinese Literature, Ancient and Classical antiquity.

These texts have been the foundation of Chinese primary education since the fourteenth century. At the same time, they were popular books and forbidding texts to their youthful, semiliterate readers. The first of the Four Books, which was edited by the eminent scholar and Neo-Confucian philosopher Zhu Xi (1130-1200), is essentially the treatise that appears as chapter 39 of the Li ji, the Da xue k'4-1 or Grand Study, that is to say, what adults were intended to study (according to Zhu Xi's interpretation).

It adapts itself to circumstances. " Completely different from the Analects in its style, the Mencius is no less tied to the richness of ideas which Mencius's master Confucius had treated, but they are often examined in greater depth here. There are only three more classics in the thirteen of the standard edition titled Shisan jing zhushu +=7#,D161, (The Thirteen Classics Commented and Expanded Upon). The first of these is the Xiao jing (Classic of Filial Piety), a relatively late pamphlet which does not have much more literary importance than the second of this trio, the Er ya N 31, a lexicon that classifies words into nineteen categories and can be considered the most ancient Chinese dictionary extant today.

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