Cicero as Evidence: A Historian's Companion by Andrew Lintott

By Andrew Lintott

Cicero, one of many maximum orators of all time and a massive flesh presser on the time of the downfall of the Roman Republic, has left in his writings a first-hand view of the age of Caesar and Pompey. even if, readers have to find out how to interpret those writings and, as with every baby-kisser or orator, to not think too simply what he says. This e-book is a advisor to studying Cicero and a better half to a person who's ready to take the lengthy yet worthwhile trip via his works. it's not in itself a biography, yet might help readers to build their very own biographies of Cicero or histories of his age.

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23; Sull. 12–13; on trials with more than one action 2Verr. 1. 26, 74; Scaur. 29; Caec. 4–6, 29; lex rep. 46–9 with commentary in JRLR—where a further hearing requires a request from more than a third of the jury. 25 Asc. 87 C; Quint. Inst. Or. 10. 7. ; Fantham, 2004, 288–9. 20 Reading Cicero examples such as the second pro Milone, Humbert pointed out the evidence for revising speeches in the letters. 29 Apart from speeches by the prosecutors and defendants themselves, if the latter wished, and the defendants’ counsel, Roman trials included the examination of witnesses (testimonia) and arguments arising from this testimony (altercatio).

1). 36 Reading Cicero allotments illegally bought up by rich men based in Cumae and Puteoli; worse still, men from rural tribes would have preference over those from the city (77–9). So far this is mere unproved speculation and anti-rural prejudice. Cicero also appealed to tradition. ). There was a recent precedent for Rullus’ plans, the colony projected by M. Brutus, the Marian tribune of 83 bc: his project was duly denounced at length (89, 92–4, 98). On his side Cicero enlisted Wgures from the opposite ends of the political spectrum—the Gracchi and Sulla (81): neither the devotees of the plebs nor the man who had no conscience about conWscation and redistribution dared to touch the ager Campanus.

52 Elsewhere, however, Humbert’s case for contamination is diYcult to refute. 53 Laterensis claimed that Cicero had been lying to suit the occasion when he was explaining how he was discharging an obligation to Plancius (72). The prosecutor went on to make some jibes whose humour Cicero did not appreciate, including the suggestion that Cicero had made exile the penalty for electoral bribery in his lex de ambitu, in order that he might have the chance to deliver more tear-jerking perorations (83).

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