By Ur Shlonsky
Shlonsky makes use of Chomsky's executive and Binding method of study clausal structure and verb circulation in Hebrew and several other sorts of Arabic. He establishes a syntactic research of Hebrew after which extends that evaluation to yes elements of Arabic clausal syntax. via this comparative lens of Hebrew, Shlonsky hopes to solve a couple of difficulties in Arabic syntax. His effects generate a few novel and critical conclusions about the styles of negations, verb circulate, the character of participles, and the gamut of positions on hand to clausal topics in either languages.
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Extra info for Clause Structure and Word Order in Hebrew and Arabic: An Essay in Comparative Semitic Syntax (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax)
2 Subject-Verb Inversion in Compound Tenses Under conditions elaborated upon in chapter 8, Hebrew verbs may precede their subjects. Sentence (2-27a) illustrates the unmarked order of the subject and the verb, and (2-27b) shows the "inverted" verb>subject order. (2-27) a. etmol ha-yladim tafru smalot. ' b. ' smalot. dresses 34 Verb Movement and Clausal Architecture Anticipating the discussion in chapter 8 and simplifying somewhat, assume that the inverted sentence—that is, (2-27b)—is derived by fronting the inflected verb into some position in the Comp domain, in a manner reminiscent of I to C movement in the Germanic verb-second languages.
The Benoni patterns with the tensed verbal forms, as shown in (3-3). Again, this shows that the Benoni must be able to raise beyond AgrPartP. (3-3) a. ha-xulca se tafar the-shirt that sew(PAST)-3MS 'the shirt that Dani sewed . . " Dani. Dani b. ha-xulca se yi-tfor Dani.. the-shirt that 3MS-sew(FUT) Dani 'the shirt that Dani will sew .. ' c. ha-xulca se tofer Dani... the-shirt that sew(BENONl)-MS Dani 'the shirt that Dani sews / is sewing . 3 Copula Inversion (Cl) We turn finally to what is perhaps the most startling piece of evidence that the Benoni may raise beyond AgrPartP.
Eyn is also an AgrPartP (this assumption will be revised). Tensed verbs must access the higher clausal projections in order to check their morphological features. eyn negatives, tensed verbs simply cannot be licensed. 3, we have seen a number of constructions that single out the Benoni as the only possibly occurring verb form. eyn negative construction. The Benoni in these constructions is a participle-that is, it is a verbal form endowed with participial agreement features but lacking tense. The Benoni raises to AgrPart0 in the syntax but can move no higher.