Climate Change Biology by Lee Hannah

By Lee Hannah

Weather swap Biology is a brand new textbook which examines this rising self-discipline of human-induced weather swap and the ensuing shifts within the distributions of species and the timing of organic occasions. The textual content makes a speciality of figuring out the affects of human-induced weather switch, yet attracts on a number of strains of proof, together with paleoecology, modelling and present statement. weather swap Biology lays out the scope and intensity of figuring out of this new self-discipline in phrases which are available to scholars, managers biologists. * the single complex scholar textual content at the organic points of weather change* Examines fresh and deep previous weather swap results to raised comprehend the affects of contemporary human-induced changes* Discusses the conservation and different ecological implications of weather switch intimately* offers recipes for dealing with accelerating weather swap sooner or later* comprises wide illustrations with maps diagrams and colour photos

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In Antarctica), which does not increase sea level because the ice is already displacing seawater. Continued acceleration of melting could result in shutdown of thermohaline circulation. Source: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Rapid Climate Change THE POWER OF THE GULF STREAM The Gulf Stream is a mass of warm water transported from the tropical Atlantic northward by the thermohaline circulation. The arrival of this warm water affects the climate of the North Atlantic, making northern Europe significantly warmer than it would be without the Gulf Stream influence.

Human CO2 emissions are important because they represent substantial change in the fluxes of the cycle. The 5 or 6 petagrams of CO2 emitted each year from human fossil fuel use represents less than 10% of the annual natural flux from land (including soil) into the atmosphere. However, the natural flux is balanced by natural uptake of CO2 by plants, which reduces the CO2 in the atmosphere. The human input is only partially balanced by natural Modeling the Climate System processes, most notably ocean uptake.

STRUCTURE OF GENERAL CIRCULATION MODELS General circulation models (GCMs) use a system of mathematical equations to simulate the movement of mass and energy from one part of the atmosphere to another. They divide the atmosphere and ocean into a series of threedimensional cells, each of which transfers mass and energy to its neighbors based on the outcome of the equations within the cell. These are in principle the same type of models used to predict weather, but they are run on a broader (global) scale and for centuries rather than days.

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