Coarticulation and Sound Change in Romance by Daniel Recasens

By Daniel Recasens

This quantity might be of serious curiosity to phoneticians, phonologists, and either ancient and cognitive linguists. utilizing facts from the Romance languages for the main half, the booklet explores the phonetic motivation of numerous sound adjustments, e.g., drift insertions and elisions, vowel and consonant insertions, elisions, assimilations and dissimilations. in the framework of the DAC (degree of articulatory constraint) version of coarticulation, it sincerely demonstrates that the typology and path of those sound adjustments may possibly very principally be accounted for by means of the coarticulatory results taking place among adjoining or neighbouring phonetic segments, and by means of the levels of articulatory constraint imposed by means of audio system at the creation of vowels and consonants. The phonetically-based reasons offered listed here are formulated at the foundation of coarticulation info from speech creation and notion learn conducted over the last fifty years and are complemented with information at the co-occurrence of phonetic segments in lexical different types of the languages being thought of. cognizance is usually paid to the function that positional and prosodic components play in sound swap implementation, in addition to to the cognitive and peripheral innovations enthusiastic about segmental replacements, elisions and insertions.

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More specifically, in comparison to the quality of the vowel nucleus, the vocalic element in question should have a more acute quality if the F2 transitions rise (as in the sequence [ɲa]) and a graver quality if they fall (as in the sequence [iɫ]). , the glide will have a grave quality in sequences such as [ɔɫ, oɫ] and an acute quality in phonetic strings such as [eʎ, eɲ]. Glide insertion in CV sequences should also be facilitated by an increase in burst energy (duration x intensity) as the front cavity size and the lingual contact area for the consonant increase, and the movement velocity of the primary articulator decreases, in the progression velars > dentals > bilabials (Dorman et al.

Finsa < fins FINE “until”, where a could belong initially to adverbs such as aquí “here” and allí “there” (Rohlfs 1966:â•›478; Recasens 1996:â•›121–122). In word-medial position, a short vowel-like element situated between two consonants may be categorized as an independent vowel segment, most typically in clusters with a rhotic where an opening period is generally available and in heterosyllabic consonant clusters with a stop or affricate C1 where the consonant release may be perceived as a short vowel by listeners (Sp.

Two instances of glide insertion deserve special attention. As shown in Table 1c, the transitional vocalic element in VC sequences with a front vowel and the consonant [ɫ] or [w] may be a mid back rounded glide. , a velopharyngeal constriction for [ɫ] and a dorsovelar constriction and labiality for [w]. In lexical variants such as Vivaro-Alpine from N. Drôme [ˈmjɔlo] MŪLA and [kjo, tjo] < [kjow] CŪLU (Bouvier 1976:â•›247,â•›251,â•›253), the mid back rounded glide appears to have been inserted before the delabialization of [y] derived from Ū into [j] in the two lexical forms and the vocalization of [ɫ] into [w] in the case of [kjow].

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