By Gerrit J. Dimmendaal
While Africa as a typological quarter is usually linked to large verb morphology and verb serialization, this number of reports indicates that there's great typological variety on the clausal point. Verb serialization within the Khoisan quarter contrasts with wide case-marking in languages of northeastern Africa, which additionally use converbs and light-weight verb plus coverb structures. even supposing the categorial contrast among nouns and verbs is mostly transparent in African languages, a couple of them however offer complex analytical demanding situations during this admire. while a few languages are strongly head marking on the clausal point, others show up a fascinating mix of replacement innovations for the coding of members. The research of data packaging, and similar concerns resembling cut up ergativity, Differential item Marking, and discourse-configurational houses additionally play a task in numerous contributions. the gathering comprises not just cutting edge analyses for the respective language households those languages belong to, but in addition fabric proper for the present debate in theoretical linguistics touching on lexical specification as opposed to construction-based methods in the direction of argument constitution.
Read or Download Coding Participant Marking: Construction types in twelve African languages (Studies in Language Companion Series) PDF
Similar foreign languages books
Your all-audio survival software for conversational talent in functional talents, from greetings to shuttle round, reserving a lodge room to buying and consuming out communicate Swedish with self belief comprises ten issues (with conversations every one) with particular goals. every one subject introduces 15 key terms (plus a few cognates), 3 structures/useful words, and one major grammar element.
This edited quantity brings jointly fourteen unique contributions to the on-going debate approximately what's attainable in contact-induced language switch. The authors current a couple of new vistas on language touch which symbolize new advancements within the field.
In the 1st a part of the quantity, the focal point is on technique and conception. Thomas Stolz defines the learn of Romancisation strategies as a really promising laboratory for language-contact orientated study and theoretical paintings established thereon. The reader is proficient concerning the huge scale tasks on loanword typology within the contribution through Martin Haspelmath and on contact-induced grammatical switch performed through Jeanette Sakel and Yaron Matras. Christel Stolz studies methods of gender-assignment to personal loan nouns in German and German-based types. The typology of mortgage verbs is the subject of the contribution by way of Søren Wichmann and Jan Wohlgemuth. within the articles via Wolfgang Wildgen and Klaus Zimmermann, extensively new ways to the idea of language touch are recommend: a dynamic version and a constructivism-based thought, respectively.
The moment a part of the quantity is devoted to extra empirically orientated experiences which check out language-contact constellations with a Romance donor language and a non-European recipient language. Spanish-Amerindian (Guaraní, Otomí, Quichua) contacts are investigated within the comparative research by means of Dik Bakker, Jorge Gómez-Rendón and Ewald Hekking. Peter Bakker and Robert A. Papen talk about the effect exerted through French at the indigenous languages ofCanada. the level of the Portuguese impression at the Amazonian language Kulina is studied via Stefan Dienst. John Holm seems to be on the validity of the speculation that sure morphology ordinarily falls sufferer to Creolization methods and attracts his facts quite often from Portuguese-based Creoles. For Austronesia, borrowings and calques from French nonetheless are an understudied phenomenon. Claire Moyse-Faurie’s contribution to this subject is therefore a pioneer’s paintings. equally, Françoise Rose and Odile Renault-Lescure offer us with clean facts on language touch in French Guiana. the ultimate article of this assortment via Mauro Tosco demonstrates that the Italianization of languages of the previous Italian colonies in East Africa is just weak.
This quantity offers the reader with new insights on all degrees of language-contact similar reviews. the quantity addresses specifically a readership that has a powerful curiosity in language touch ordinarily and its repercussions at the phonology, grammar and lexicon of the recipient languages. specialists of Romance language touch, and experts of Amerindian languages, Afro-Asiatic languages, Austronesian languages and Pidgins and Creoles will locate the quantity hugely beneficial.
This quantity provides chosen papers from the thirty sixth LSRL convention held at Rutgers college in 2006. It includes twenty-two articles of present methods to the examine of Romance linguistics. recognized researchers current their findings in components resembling of syntax and semantics, phonology, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics.
This scarce antiquarian booklet is a facsimile reprint of the unique. because of its age, it will possibly include imperfections akin to marks, notations, marginalia and wrong pages. simply because we think this paintings is culturally vital, we've got made it on hand as a part of our dedication for shielding, conserving, and selling the world's literature in cheap, top of the range, sleek variations which are real to the unique paintings.
Additional resources for Coding Participant Marking: Construction types in twelve African languages (Studies in Language Companion Series)
Nichols, J. 1986. Head-marking and dependent-marking grammar. Language 62: 56- 119. A. & Barnes, J. 2004. Transitivizing and detransitivizing languages. Linguistic Typology 8(2): 149–211. K. L. 2005. The pragmatics of split intransitivity in Asheninka. Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Etnolinguisticos 10: 37–56. Reh, M. 1996. Anywa language: Description and internal reconstructions. Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe. Reineke, B. & Miehe, G. 2005. Diathesis alternation in some Gur languages. E. ), 337–360.
Inkelas, S. & Zec, D. 1995. Syntax-phonology interface. A. ), 535–549. Oxford: Blackwell. Jespersen, O. 1965. A modern English grammar on historical principles, Part VI: Morphology. London: George Allen and Unwin. König, C. 2002. Kasus im Ik. Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe. König, C. 2006. Marked nominative in Africa. Studies in Language 30: 655–732. König, C. 2008. Case in Africa. Oxford: OUP. J. 2005. A grammar of Makonde (Chinnima, Tanzania). PhD dissertation, Leiden University. J. 1992. Anti-ergative marking in Tibeto-Birman.
With regard to the behavior of the transitive suffix -ā, the coverb3 xāī- ‘come out’, used as V2, behaves like a full verb (see (29)). out-t outside place kē kū tcí gè kā-ndòà. ’ Further head marking devices are verbal derivations, such as causative and passive. ú-, which is of verbal origin. In causative constructions the causee is presented as A and the agent occurs as the object in AVO-order (see (30)). The passive is expressed by a clitic tí, which always occurs at the very end of the verbal slot (31).