By Guy Steele
The defacto average - vital for all LISP programmers.
during this enormously elevated variation of the defacto regular, you will know about the approximately 2 hundred adjustments already made due to the fact unique book - and know about grey components prone to be revised later. Written by means of the Vice- Chairman of X3J13 (the ANSI
committee answerable for the standardization of universal Lisp) and co-developer of the language itself, the hot version comprises the full textual content of the 1st version plus six thoroughly new chapters. They hide: - CLOS, the typical Lisp item procedure, with new beneficial properties to help functionality overloading and object-oriented programming, plus entire technical standards * Loops, a strong regulate constitution for a number of variables * stipulations, a generalization of the mistake signaling mechanism * sequence and turbines * Plus different topics now not a part of the ANSI criteria yet of curiosity to expert programmers. all through, you will find clean examples, extra clarifications, warnings, and suggestions - all awarded with the author's regular vigour and wit.
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Additional info for Common Lisp. The Language
INTRODUCTION " 11 Semicolon is the comment character. It and all characters up to the end of the line are discarded. " Backslash is an escape character. It causes the next character to be treated as a letter rather than for its usual syntactic purpose. For example, A\(B denotes a symbol whose name consists of the three characters A, (, and B. Similarly, "\"" denotes a character string containing one character, a double quote, because the rst and third double quotes serve to delimit the string, and the second double quote serves as the contents of the string.
The standard Lisp output routines will never print a list in the rst form, however they will avoid dot notation wherever possible. Often the term list is used to refer either to true lists or to dotted lists. When the distinction is important, the term \true list" will be used to refer to a list terminated by nil. Most functions advertised to operate on lists expect to be given true lists. Throughout this book, unless otherwise speci ed, it is an error to pass a dotted list to a function that is speci ed to require a list as an argument.
Floating-point numbers of various ranges and precisions are also provided, as well as Cartesian complex numbers. Characters represent printed glyphs such as letters or text formatting operations. Strings are one-dimensional arrays of characters. Common Lisp provides for a rich character set, including ways to represent characters of various type styles. Symbols (sometimes called atomic symbols for emphasis or clarity) are named data objects. Lisp provides machinery for locating a symbol object, given its name (in the form of a string).