Comparative Lexical Studies in Neo-Mandaic by Hezy Mutzafi

By Hezy Mutzafi

Neo-Mandaic is the final section of a pre-modern vernacular heavily relating to Classical Mandaic, a Mesopotamian Aramaic idiom of past due Antiquity. This exact language is significantly endangered, being spoken through a number of hundred adherents of Mandaeism, the one gnostic faith to have survived till the current day. All different Mandaeans, numbering a number of tens of millions, are Arabic or Persian audio system. the current learn issues the least recognized point of the language, specifically its lexicon as mirrored in either its dialects, these of the towns of Ahvaz and Khorramshahr within the Iranian province of Khuzestan. except lexicological and etymological reports in Neo-Mandaic itself, the booklet discusses the contribution of the Neo-Mandaic lexis to our wisdom of literary Mandaic in addition to features of this lexis in the framework of Neo-Aramaic as a complete.

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Aruštu ‘throat’ (cf. Neo-Assyrian ḫarurtu)—see Abraham and Sokoloff 2011: 35, and cf. Holma 1911: 42, CAD Ḫ: 121a. 11 The form xāruša is from Maclean 1901: 106a, where it is defined as ‘throat’. This meaning is unlikely, since in all known NENA dialects the word for ‘throat’ is derived from *blʕ ‘to swallow’—see below. : aspects of previous research 19 2. There are two words for ‘rainbow’ in NM: Khorramshahr has the opaque compound ṭallɔ-w-bérqɔ, composed of reflexes of CM ṭala ‘dew’ ‫ن‬ (replaced in NM by nam ‘moisture, dew’ < NP �), u ‘and’ (NM u, w) and ‫م‬ birqa ‘lightning’ (in NM changed to tešberqɔ—see p.

Rdf persecute, maltreat41 5. šxš disturb, confuse, deceive42 6. šxw lie down, rest43 7. dyṣ to fix, pile44 Neo-Mandaic denotation fox reed-bed, thicket, forest eyelashes shiver, tremble be startled fall asleep insert (something sharp) Comments: 1. NM rəwɔ́ ‘fox’ (from Luri ruwɔ́ , see Lorimer 1922: 125) was somehow incorrectly defined as ‘hare, rabbit’. A possible explanation to this error is that Macuch confused rəwá with the NM word “ārβa” ‘hare’ (HCMM 214:16, 35 The form “gefo” in Ritter 1979: 174, attributed to the dialect of Midin, should be corrected to glefo (as indeed in Jastrow 1993: 182).

13 4. NM həḏɔyɔ, həḏɔ́ y ‘Jew’ (f. həḏeṯɔ),14 stemming from *həḏāyā < yəhūḏāyā, exhibits the same aphaeresis of y as in most other NA languages: NENA huḏāya, hədāya (and other dialectal variants), Ṭur. 15 Thus the NM form is very much related to the forms found in the rest of the NAspeaking area, and most probably reflects an old vernacular form that has been used alongside a form related to the literary pl. form iahuṭaiia ‘Jews’, which, although well-known to some learned Mandaeans, is not used in modern speech.

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