Configurations of Sentential Complementation: Perspectives by Johan Rooryck

By Johan Rooryck

The research of sentential complementation specializes in houses of sentences which are embedded in different sentences. This booklet brings jointly quite a few reports in this subject within the framework of generative grammar. the 1st a part of the e-book specializes in infinitival enhances. the writer presents new views on elevating and regulate, longstanding difficulties in infinitival complementation. He then examines the matter of clitic ordering in infinitives in Romance languages. the second one a part of the publication addresses quite a few elements of Wh- sentences: extraction from unfavorable and factive islands, the syntax of unfastened family, contract in relative clauses, and the relation among French relative and interrogative qui and que.

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3 Two-step raising: IP moves to SpecCP before subject movement At least technically, the problem in (29i) can be solved quite easily. In order to maintain uniform CP complementation, it can be proposed that English raising constructions involve movement of the infinitival AGRSP to SpecCP. ’ Once AGRSP is in SpecCP, the infinitival subject can move out of the sentential complement to SpecAGRSP. This yields the following configuration: (30) AGRSP AGRS´ NP AGRS° (…)VP Alfredi V´ seemsj CP V° tj C´ AGRSP C° NP ti to be smoking 11 tAGRSP RAISING The configuration for believe should be identical to (30) as far as overt movement of the embedded AGRSP to SpecCP is concerned.

Louis le croyait être un inconnu ‘Louis thought him to be a stranger’ All felicitous examples need a comparative or superlative predicate. Guéron (1981) has argued that comparatives involve LF movement to SpecCP. A second set of examples involves nonpredicative verbs. Very few examples involving clitic ECM can be found with such verbs. Nevertheless, those attested examples that can be found, quoted by Sandfeld (1943: 187– 8) and Grevisse (1980: §2600) share the characteristic that movement of the clitic subject of the infinitive is dependent on Wh- movement of a complement of the infinitive to the SpecCP of the matrix clause.

Native speakers report contrasts between clitic ECM with and without accompanying Wh- movement of another element. 27 RAISING (70) a. ‘ce genre de jeunes gens ( . . ) auxquels Swann me croyait ressembler’ the type of young persons to-whom Swann me-believed toresemble ‘the kind of adolescent whom Swann believed that I resembled’ (M. Proust, A l’ombre des jeunes filles en fleur, 57, Sandfeld 1943: 188) b. *Swann me croyait ressembler aux jeunes gens peu scrupuleux ‘Swann believed me to resemble the unscrupulous adolescents’ (71) a.

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