Confucianism, Democratization, and Human Rights in Taiwan by Joel Fetzer, J Christopher Soper

By Joel Fetzer, J Christopher Soper

Responding to the “Asian values” debate over the compatibility of Confucianism and liberal democracy, Confucianism, Democratization, and Human Rights in Taiwan, through Joel S. Fetzer and J. Christopher Soper, bargains a rigorous, systematic research of the contributions of Confucian idea to democratization and the security of ladies, indigenous peoples, and press freedom in Taiwan. depending upon a special mixture of empirical research of public opinion surveys, legislative debates, public university textbooks, and interviews with major Taiwanese political actors, this crucial research records the altering function of Confucianism in Taiwan’s fresh political heritage. whereas the ideology mostly strengthened authoritarian rule long ago and performed little position in Taiwan’s democratization, the assumption approach is now within the strategy of remodeling itself in a pro-democratic path. not like those that argue that Confucianism is inherently authoritarian, the authors contend that Confucianism is in a position to a number of interpretations, together with ones that valid democratic kinds of executive. At either the mass and the elite degrees, Confucianism is still a robust ideology in Taiwan regardless of or maybe due to the island’s democratization. Borrowing from Max Weber’s sociology of faith, the writers supply a particular theoretical argument for the way an ideology like Confucianism can concurrently accommodate itself to modernity and stay trustworthy to its center teachings because it decouples itself from the nation. In doing so, Fetzer and Soper argue, Confucianism is behaving very similar to Catholicism, which moved from a place of ambivalence or maybe competition to democracy to 1 of complete help. the result of this learn have profound implications for different Asian nations similar to China and Singapore, that are additionally Confucian yet haven't but made an entire transition to democracy.

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Xix). A common theme throughout these works is that natural hierarchies exist and that good government follows from recognizing and accommodating this chain of political command. xi). Good government, in short, is a function of people understanding their proper role in society and fulfilling the functions appropriate to their status. “The superior man,” Confucius (1971:395) notes in The Doctrine of the Mean (xiv), “does what is proper to the situation in which he is; he does not desire to go beyond this.

Apparently as a way to demonstrate that applicants met the necessary requirements, the advertisement asked that two recent full-length color photos be included with the written application. This account about EVA Airways reflects the worse assumptions about one particular issue, gender rights, and Confucianism. Though no direct link exists between Confucian values and the sexist attitudes in the advertisement, anyone reading the story while living in a Confucian society would understand the implicit connection between them.

Similarly, The Great Learning (x) admonishes that “by gaining the people, the kingdom is gained, and by losing the people, the kingdom is lost” (1971:375). While Confucius might have promoted the inevitability of political hierarchies, then, he also provided a basis for critiquing the state and a foundation for democratic legitimacy. xv) even suggests that people have a moral obligation to oppose bad rulers: “If a ruler’s words be good, is it not also good that no one oppose them? ” (1971:269).

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