Contemporary Approaches to Baltic Linguistics by Peter Arkadiev, Axel Holvoet, Björn Wiemer

By Peter Arkadiev, Axel Holvoet, Björn Wiemer

Baltic languages have in simple terms marginally featured within the discourse of theoretical linguistics and linguistic typology. The publication goals to reconnect Baltic linguistics and the present schedule of the theoretical and typological research of language. The publication is meant for a huge linguistic viewers, together with typologists and theoretical linguists.

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Vasiliauskienė (2001) is a more specialized study on NP-internal word order in the eighteenth-century religious writings of Lukauskas. She also paid attention to discontinuous NPs, which by that time had come to be characteristic of writings in Eastern Lithuania. There are only some few articles on the diachronic rise of complex sentence patterns, all but one (Holvoet 2010c) in Lithuanian. Judžentis and Pajėdienė (2001, 2005) analyzed clausal coordination and clause order (2001) as well as  Introduction: Baltic linguistics – State of the art 41 the use of comparative constructions (2005) in Daukša’s Katekizmas.

The person on whom an obligation is imposed is in the dative, the original accusative object of the verb is usually in the nominative (cf. 4a). In many dialects, however, the second argument is in the Â�accusative; in all dialects, the second argument is in the accusative if it is a first- or second-person pronoun or a reflexive pronoun (cf. Schmalstieg 1990) (see 4b). (4) Latvian a. pērk cimd-i. ’ b. tiek tevi. ’ The debitive has arisen from a biclausal structure containing an infinitival relative clause: an original structure *man nav jā pirkt ‘I do not have [anything] which to buy’ (@ ‘I have nothing to buy’) gave rise to the modal meaning ‘I need not buy’ (the original meaning is attested in Old Latvian).

This classification can be, mutatis mutandis, extended to the verbs of Latvian and Latgalian as well. It is also worth noting that although all three Baltic languages have quite complex systems of morphophonological vowel and consonant alternations in their conjugation, their functional load is different. In Lithuanian, stem alterna­ tions are almost always subsidiary, co-occurring with, and often conditioned by overt segmental affixes serving as a primary exponence of particular morpho­ syntactic features.

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