Continuing With Russian by Charles E. Townsend

By Charles E. Townsend

Carrying on with with Russian is an intermediate-advanced textbook for college kids who've been via a full-sized effortless textual content and feature been uncovered to the extra easy morphological styles and a first-year vocabulary. furthermore, the amount and variety of grammatical details contained in its twenty-five classes, the great Russian and English notice references within the basic Vocabulary, and the Index should still make it an outstanding reference ebook in the course of and lengthy after any Russian path during which it really is used.

The e-book is largely designed for school classes and doubtless wouldn't be acceptable for many highschool classes lower than the third-year point. due to the thorough and infrequently really special therapy of inauspicious and intricate grammatical issues, starting from what quantity to relatively accomplished essays on modal expressions (Lesson IX) and CH verbs (Lesson X) to a bunch of smaller grammatical and lexical questions via either the evaluate and normal classes, carrying on with with Russian may be very priceless additionally for graduate scholars in Slavic languages and literatures.

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2. There are two exceptions to the rule that in nonsuffixed verbs shifting stress occ urs only in the past tense ; shifting stress occurs in the present tense of: (а) the НИМ subtype of the Й /М/НИМ verb type : снимут : сниму, снИмешь, . . , снймут (снЯл, снЯло, снЯли--сняла) and (Ь) the verb могут : могут : могу, можешь, . . ' могут (мог, могло, могли, могла) The absence of а stress mark with the НИМ verbs designates the shifting stress in the past which the type as а whole has, but могут has ending stress in the INTRODUCTION AND GUIDE Т О ТНЕ USE O F ТНЕ VOCABULARIES 38 past, which we would have to mark -ут.

Church Slavonic variants of Russian roots. Old Church Slavonic was the language of the oldest Slavic manuscripts, which date from the tenth and early eleventh centuries. lt exerted an important influence о п the grammar and vo­ cabulary of both literary and, eventually, spoken Russian. Because it was adapted from а South Slavic dialect which already in the tenth century differed in certain respects from the Russian of that time and because, as an exclusively literary language, it did not keep расе with all the changes in spoken Russian, certain disparities emerged between what we call " Church Slavonic " elements and " purely Russian " elements in the language of today.

Nouns Nouns ending in а soft sign are feminine unless marked " М " : ночь радость, but гость М. e nouns are marked " indecl. " De­ verbative nouns of action ( or result of action) are marked " п " and listed with the appropriate verbs. Nouns which are (на) words according to the criteria discussed in R4, page 7 6, are so listed : завод (на), собрание (на). Stress of nouns. А single stress mark and no other information indicates fixed stress on that syllaЫe. e. e. e. e. e. e. пот pl доктора, and all plural forms are ending-stressed) TREATMENT OF VOCABULARIES 27 3.

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