Could there have been Nothing?: Against Metaphysical by Geraldine Coggins

By Geraldine Coggins

May possibly there were not anything? is the 1st book-length examine of metaphysical nihilism – the declare that there might have been no concrete items. It seriously analyses the controversy round nihilism and similar questions about the metaphysics of attainable worlds, concrete items and ontological dependence.

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Secondly, although there is obviously some sort of very important relationship between space-time points and space-time regions, it isn’t the relationship that a set has to its members. Perhaps it’s a mereological relationship of a whole and its parts. Rodriguez-Pereyra even uses these terms earlier in the paper saying 22 Could There Have Been Nothing? . 28 The use of the term ‘includes’ does not usually signify a set-membership relation. It adds credence to the thought that space-time regions are mereological sums of space-time points rather than sets of those points.

2). However, Baldwin claims that the falsity of C is not a threat to (A3). This is because if we take the property denoted by F to be non-existence, that does not provide a counterexample to C. Properties such as ‘is at least as heavy as anyone else’ do provide counterexamples to C. This is because this kind of property involves an ordering of a domain of more than one object. Non-existence is not the sort of property that involves this sort of ordering. So although C is false if F denotes the property ‘is at least as heavy as anyone else’ there is no obvious reason to think C is false if F denotes non-existence.

It seems that the null individual is extremely problematic in and of itself. And furthermore, even if we did accept its existence, it’s not clear that it alone could constitute a Lewis-world and so it seems that this attempt to make Lewisian compositionalism compatible with metaphysical nihilism cannot succeed. So what other kind of relationship could hold between worlds and concrete objects? I use the phrase ‘the container view of worlds’ for the claim that the world is not composed of the other objects it contains, rather it is another object that contains them.

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