Deixis and Pronouns in Romance Languages by Kirsten Jeppesen Kragh, Jan Lindschouw

By Kirsten Jeppesen Kragh, Jan Lindschouw

This quantity proposes a brand new strategy to deal with the classical query about the relation among language, cognition, and tradition from the point of view of 2 easy structures: deixis and the pronominal approach. It investigates the linguistic structuring of uncomplicated techniques of person, place and time in Romance languages, disclosing structural modifications that could be regarding psychological parameters and different extra-linguistic conditions and therefore probably associated with a gentle revision of the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis.
The methodological and theoretical concentration relies at the discursive and pragmatic practical method of deixis. The articles difficulty linguistic edition and language swap, and many of the experiences undertake pass linguistic views, basically between Romance languages, but additionally with a classical viewpoint from historical Greek discussing the life of common specific styles. The reviews exhibit similarities and modifications among Romance languages jointly, and set the degree for comparisons among Romance and non-Romance languages. those similarities and changes are topic to alter in reference to cultural advancements in society and provide during this quantity a coordinated attempt in exploring the linguistic expressions of those extra-linguistic ideas.

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In the reanalyzed structure [moi-je …]Rh, by contrast, moi is stripped of the LH(L) contour. In this case, it forms a constituent together with je. Its function here is to support je at the beginning of the rheme. In other words, in these cases, moi-je is not an allomorph of moi – rather, it is a phonologically strengthened variant of je. The change from [moi]Top [je …]Rh to [moi-je …]Rh conforms to a pattern commonly observed in grammaticalization processes. The increased weakening of a formerly “strong” element can lead to the strengthening and renovation of the “old” grammatical element already in place.

By “Fiorentino”, Brandi and Cordin here are referring not to “italiano standard”, which is based historically on the Florentine dialect, but rather to “il fiorentino parlato a Vaiano, località di campagna a circa 40 Km da Firenze, che presenta aspetti talvolta più conservativi del fiorentino di città” (p. 76). This variety shows some differences from standard Italian, ­particularly with regard to weak subject pronouns, the feature of interest here.  Brian D. Joseph is possible only if there is as well a weak subject pronoun that “doubles” it; the weak pronoun can occur on its own with the verb, but the absence of a pronoun altogether, a pro-drop option, is not possible.

According to these authors, the basic unit of spoken French is the paragraph. g. the sequence ils sont contre moi in (5). By ­definition, the rheme hosts the paragraph’s main predicate. Moreover, it is the locus of realization of the respective speech act. For both reasons, it is an obligatory constituent of each paragraph. Furthermore, it is the only obligatory constituent of the paragraph. Hence, a paragraph may minimally consist of the rheme only. g. quoi in (5). The most important function of the post-script is to fine-tune the speech act realized in the rheme (Morel 2007, see also Detges & Waltereit forthcoming).

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