Descartes: An Analytical and Historical Introduction by Georges Dicker

By Georges Dicker

An excellent snatch of the most issues and arguments of the seventeenth-century thinker René Descartes is vital for realizing smooth proposal, and an important entrée to the paintings of the Empiricists and Immanuel Kant. it's also an important to the learn of latest epistemology, metaphysics, and philosophy of brain. This new version of Georges Dicker's observation on Descartes's masterpiece, Meditations on First Philosophy, contains a new bankruptcy at the Fourth Meditation and stronger remedies of the recognized cogito ergo sum and the infamous challenge of the Cartesian Circle, between various different advancements and updates. transparent and obtainable, it serves as an creation to Descartes's principles for undergraduates and as a worldly better half to his Meditations for complicated readers. the amount offers an intensive dialogue of a number of simple problems with epistemology and metaphysics elicited from the most subject matters and arguments of the Meditations. It additionally delves into the work's old history and demanding reception. Dicker deals his personal tests of the Cartesian Doubt, the cogito, the causal and ontological proofs of God's lifestyles, Cartesian freedom and theodicy, Cartesian Dualism, and Descartes's perspectives in regards to the lifestyles and nature of the fabric global. The statement additionally includes a wealth of contemporary Descartes scholarship, and inculcates -- yet doesn't presuppose -- wisdom of the tools of up to date analytic philosophy.

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This is because the logical form of B, if p then q, is equivalent to the logical form of C, p only if q. ”) So, since B is analytic and says the same thing as C, C is analytic. ) are also analytic.  A different demonstration that CCP is analytic has been offered by the philosopher Paul Grice (–). Grice’s demonstration goes as follows.

He does not argue from the premise that his senses are sometimes deceptive to the conclusion that they may always be deceptive. , those that occur under poor conditions of observation) should not be trusted; for as we have seen, Descartes explicitly indicates in his next step—point  in our summary—that he does not mean to extend this conclusion to perceptions occurring in good conditions of observation. Thus, critics who Descartes  attribute this argument to Descartes have simply not read him carefully enough.

An analytic statement can be defined as a statement that is true solely in virtue of the meanings of its constituent terms. , true solely by virtue of the meanings of the terms it contains). Sometimes analytic statements are also called “conceptual truths,” since they are true solely because of the relationships between the concepts they involve. Analytic statements contrast with synthetic statements, which are statements whose truth or falsity does not depend solely on the meanings of terms.  Now an important point about analytic statements is this: if a statement is analytic, then it is a priori—it can be known to be true just by thinking; for to know that such a statement is true, one need only understand what it says.

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