Divine Self, Human Self: The Philosophy of Being in Two Gita by Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad

By Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad

The Gita is a principal textual content in Hindu traditions, and commentaries on it show a number of philosophical-theological positions. of the main major commentaries are through Sankara, the founding father of the Advaita or Non-Dualist approach of Vedic proposal and through Ramanuja, the founding father of the Visistadvaita or certified Non-Dualist process. Their commentaries supply wealthy assets for the conceptualization and realizing of divine fact, the human self, being, the connection among God and human, and the ethical psychology of motion and devotion. This booklet methods their commentaries via a examine of the interplay among the summary atman (self) and the richer belief of the human individual. whereas heavily examining the Sanskrit commentaries, Ram-Prasad develops reconstructions of every philosophical-theological process, drawing correct and illuminating comparisons with modern Christian theology and Western philosophy.

Show description

Read or Download Divine Self, Human Self: The Philosophy of Being in Two Gita Commentaries PDF

Similar eastern books

Perception: An Essay on Classical Indian Theories of Knowledge

This publication is a defence of a sort of realism which stands closest to that upheld by means of the Nyaya-Vaisesika college in classical India.

Opening the Wisdom Door of the Madhyamaka School

During this 3rd yr of our carrying on with research of Buddhist philosophy, we start our research of Madhyamaka, the center means institution. Madhyamaka is an instantaneous instructing at the crucial nature, unfastened from all extremes. it may be divided into different types: precise fact Madhyamaka and note Madhyamaka. real truth Madhyamaka is absolutely the, inexpressible nature-the mom of the entire successful Ones; observe Madhyamaka describes this absolute nature.

The path of freedom (Vimuttimagga)

The trail of Freedom, or Vimuttimagga, which serves as a meditation guide, is widely thought of a superb and critical paintings. it's just like the trail of Purification, or Visuddhimagga, yet much less analytical and more effective in its remedy of the normal meditation gadgets. either are commentaries, now not from the Pali Canon, yet very correct to it, in particular to the component to the Pali Canon known as the Abhidhamma which incorporates the philosophical treatises of the Buddha.

Extra resources for Divine Self, Human Self: The Philosophy of Being in Two Gita Commentaries

Sample text

Without denying Kṛṣṇa’s theological claim, Śaṅkara nevertheless presents what is going on in these verses as essentially a gnoseological project of self-realization expressed through the mediating reality of Kṛṣṇa. Śaṅkara’s theology of Kṛṣṇa therefore is not some simple denial or even marginalisation of theology itself: nowhere in the Gītābhāṣya does he suggest that God is a conceptual construct driven by human need; he does not even say that God – Kṛṣṇa/Viṣṇu/Nārāyaṇa – is the provisional goal of the cognitively underdeveloped, a sort of culturally conditioned penultimate absolute.

Yet this identity and identifiability do not bespeak of anything other than brahman, even while brahman is not exhausted by such identity. So brahman becomes the terminological focus of Śaṅkara’s exploration of how we even Śaṅkara on brahman and Kṛṣṇa 19 begin to understand the possibility of reality, including how God renders that reality. I believe that Śaṅkara is highly original in what he has to say here. In order to see that in more detail, we need to examine the relationship between brahman and Kṛṣṇa.

At the same time, Kṛṣṇa is not the culminating point of his inquiry; nor is a devotional love of God the ultimate human mode of fulfilment. Let us look further at his treatment of Kṛṣṇa, especially Kṛṣṇa’s self-declarations, before we sum up what Śaṅkara takes Kṛṣṇa to be. Śaṅkara takes no particular pains to articulate or defend a monotheistic conception of Kṛṣṇa, but despite talking easily of the various deities mentioned in the Gītā, at one point he makes a brief yet emphatic statement about monotheism.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.37 of 5 – based on 46 votes