Rationality in Question: On Eastern and Western Views of by Shlomo Biderman;Ben-Ami Scharfstein

By Shlomo Biderman;Ben-Ami Scharfstein

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But in practice that means trying to drive forests, fisheries and farms to the hilt in perpetuity. More moderate, doingwith-enough conservation practices emerge as irrational. 2. The mistreatment and exploitation of animals was, and in some places still is, defended, on the grounds that animals are not (really) rational. , schizophrenics, chronic nonachievers). Rationality has long been, and still is, a basis for discrimination. The format and contents of this paper have been much improved through critical responses to earlier presentations of it in 19851986, at the universities of Queensland, Waikato and Auckland, and through comments of the editors.

Psychotics can have reasons as adequate under given circumstances as those of more normal people for what is known or generally taken for granted. , roughly, coherence is explicated through consistency. Both adjustments have appeal and are now academically pervasive (in part as a corollary of the ideological domination of classical logical paradigm, and in part because academics are usually maximizers, at least in theoretical commitment. That rationality is an adequacy notion rather than a maximizing one comes not only from more ordinary usage, as reflected in dictionaries (sources often despised by philosophers), 24 and not only from etymology; it also comes from reflective accounts offered by philosophers suitably distanced from positive social theory.

That Wittgenstein here uses the first person — where my spade is turned — is very important; yet many interpreters try to see his philosophy as one of simple deference to some "form of life" determined by a community. On this, see also S. Cavell's fine discussion in The Claim of Reason (New York-Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979), esp. " Modern Myths Concerning Rationality: The Imperatives of Consistency and (Constrained) Maximality* R. Sylvan It is easy to become ensnared in issues concerning rationality.

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